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Alan Turing creator of Artificial Languages by Federico Gobbo

In humanities, languages, philosophy, research on November 5, 2012 at 21:43

From: Alan Turing creator of Artificial Languages by Federico Gobbo, InKoj, Philosophy & Artificial Languages, http://riviste.unimi.it/index.php/inkoj/index

ABSTRACT. In this paper an evaluation of the contribution to philosophical investigation by Alan Turing is provided in terms of creation of Artificial Languages (ALs). After a discussion of the term AL in the literature, and in particular within the theoretical model offered by Lyons, the legacy of Turing is  presented with a special attention to what remains after a century by his birth and what is still to be investigated in this area.

The definition of AL highly depends on two factor: the ambiguity of the English word ‘language’; the (scientific) context in which AL is used. In fact, unlike other so-called ‘natural’ languages – such as French – in the English language the word ‘language’ indicates both artificial and ‘natu ral’ languages – only when that adjective is expressed. In French, langage is the general term, which includes both artificial and natural languages, while langue explicitly denots ‘natural’ ones. Esperanto follows the French model in this respect. This lackness had great consequences on the antonym of the expression ‘natural language’, that is ‘artificial language’ (AL). From the point of view of linguistics and philosophy of language, Lyons (1991) ad- dresses this question in detail, giving a taxonomy of languages in terms of degree of naturalness.

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Reposted with permission from: InKoj

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